June 22, 2010


David R. Schanker

Clerk of Court of Appeals







This opinion is subject to further editing.  If published, the official version will appear in the bound volume of the Official Reports. 


A party may file with the Supreme Court a petition to review an adverse decision by the Court of Appeals.  See Wis. Stat. § 808.10 and Rule 809.62. 





Appeal No. 


Cir. Ct. No.  2001CF5784









State of Wisconsin,






Marquis N. Singleton,






            APPEAL from an order of the circuit court for Milwaukee County:  m. joseph donald, Judge.  Affirmed. 

            Before Curley, P.J., Kessler and Brennan, JJ.

1        BRENNAN, J.    Marquis N. Singleton, pro se, appeals an order denying his motion to modify his sentence.  He challenges the DNA surcharge imposed by the circuit court, arguing that the court failed to adequately explain why it was imposed.  See State v. Cherry, 2008 WI App 80, ¶10, 312 Wis. 2d 203, 752 N.W.2d 393 (when the circuit court exercises discretionary power to impose a DNA surcharge, it must explain its reasons for doing so).  We affirm.

2        Singleton was sentenced on July 24, 2002, and the circuit court ordered, as a condition of his bifurcated sentence, that Singleton provide a DNA sample and pay the applicable surcharge.[1]  Singleton’s sole challenge is made via a motion to modify his sentence under Wis. Stat. § 973.19 (2007-08), and is addressed only to the adequacy of the court’s explanation for imposition of the surcharge under Cherry, 2008 WI App 80, ¶10.

3        A motion to modify a sentence must be brought within ninety days of sentencing under WIS. STAT. § 973.19(1)(a), or within appellate time limits set forth in WIS. STAT. RULE 809.30.  See State v. Norwood, 161 Wis. 2d 676, 680‑81, 468 N.W.2d 741 (Ct. App. 1991).  Singleton did not move to modify his sentence until nearly seven years after this sentence was imposed, so his motion is untimely.  Moreover, if we were to construe the motion as brought pursuant to WIS. STAT. § 974.06, which allows postconviction challenges in a broader set of circumstances, Singleton’s claim would fail because that statute may not be used to challenge the circuit court’s exercise of sentencing discretion “when a sentence is within the statutory maximum or otherwise within the statutory power of the court.”  See Smith v. State, 85 Wis. 2d 650, 661, 271 N.W.2d 20 (1978).  Additionally, only jurisdictional and constitutional issues may be addressed in a Wis. Stat. § 974.06 motion, and Singleton raises neither here.  See Smith, 85 Wis. 2d at 661.

¶4        Singleton contends that he should be allowed to obtain relief because his motion for sentence modification is based on a “new factor,” the recently decided Cherry case.  See id., 312 Wis. 2d 203, ¶10.  A motion for sentence modification based on a “new factor” can be made at any time.  State v. Noll, 2002 WI App 273, ¶12, 258 Wis. 2d 573, 653 N.W.2d 895.  “The term ‘new factor’ refers to a fact or set of facts highly relevant to the imposition of sentence, but not known to the trial judge at the time of original sentencing, either because it was not then in existence or because … it was unknowingly overlooked by all of the parties.”  State v. Kluck, 210 Wis. 2d 1, 7, 563 N.W.2d 468 (1997).  Our recent decision in Cherry does not qualify as a new factor.  We have previously held that a post‑sentencing change in the law is not a new factor for purposes of sentence modification because it is “not highly relevant” to the imposition of the original sentence.  See State v. Trujillo, 2005 WI 45, ¶30, 279 Wis. 2d 712, 694 N.W.2d 933; State v. Tucker, 2005 WI 46, ¶13, 279 Wis. 2d 697, 694 N.W.2d 926.

            By the Court.—Order affirmed.

            Recommended for publication in the official reports.



[1]  The judgment of conviction lists a $250.00 DNA analysis surcharge as a condition of the sentence, and orders that costs, surcharges and special assessments be paid “from up to 25% of prison wages and as a condition of extended supervision.”