COURT OF APPEALS
DATED AND FILED
June 29, 2011
A. John Voelker
Acting Clerk of Court of Appeals
This opinion is subject to further editing.† If published, the official version will appear in the bound volume of the Official Reports.†
A party may file with the Supreme Court a petition to review an adverse decision by the Court of Appeals.† See Wis. Stat. ß 808.10 and Rule 809.62.†
Cir. Ct. No.† 2009CF15
STATE OF WISCONSIN†
IN COURT OF APPEALS
State of Wisconsin,
Joseph E. Arient,
††††††††††† APPEAL from a judgment and an order of the circuit court for Washington County:† Patrick J. Faragher, Judge.† Affirmed.†
††††††††††† Before Brown, C.J., Neubauer, P.J., and Reilly, J.
∂1††††††† PER CURIAM. Joseph Arient appeals from a judgment of conviction of two counts of second-degree sexual assault of a child and from an order denying without a hearing his postconviction motion alleging ineffective assistance of trial counsel.† Arient argues that his trial counsel was ineffective in six ways and that the trial court erred in rejecting his claim of sleeping jurors and request for a new trial in the interests of justice.† Arient also claims that this court must review military medical records inspected in camera by the trial court.† We reject his appellate arguments and affirm the judgment and order.
∂2††††††† Arient was charged with sexually assaulting his stepdaughter between April and June 2001, when she was fourteen years old.† The victim testified that the two assaults occurred approximately two months apart and on a weekday when her mother was at work.† Arientís wife, Sandi, testified that she was sure Arient watched her children while she was at work two times.† There were other times when it appeared Arient had been in the home because things were missing or moved but she did not know how many times Arient had been there when she was not there.†
∂3††††††† In early 2001, Arient was a resident of the Exodus House, a residential drug and alcohol treatment facility which had restrictive rules regarding residentsí comings and goings from the facility.† The parties stipulated that Arient was at the facility from January 9 to February 20, March 1 to May 18, 2001, and that all other times until January 21, 2003, he was incarcerated in jail or prison.† Evidence at the trial established the time periods or dates when Arient, as a resident of the Exodus House, had permission to leave the facility for medical appointments, job or apartment searches, family visits, work, or the opportunity to babysit his wifeís children.† The lead counselor at the facility, Rick Stordock, testified that Arient asked to babysit the children at least twice.† February 20, 2001, a Monday night, was one date Arient babysat.† Stordock did not recall any other times but acknowledged that Arient would have been again allowed to babysit after April 1, 2001.†
∂4††††††† Arientís postconviction motion alleged that his trial counsel was ineffective in the following ways:† 1.) failing to provide the trial court with correct legal and factual support to garner admission of evidence that Arient had offered to take a polygraph examination when confronted by a detective with allegations of the sexual assaults; 2.) neglecting to challenge prejudicial charging delay between the victimís July 2007 report and the January 13, 2009 filing of the criminal complaint; 3.) failing to correctly inform Arient of the concerns underlying the trial courtís inquiry whether a mistrial would be requested because Arient was unable to see the victim during her testimony and the consequences of a mistrial; 4.) failing to fully consult with Arient regarding the advantages and disadvantages of testifying on his own behalf; and 5.) failing to object to the prosecutorís alleged misrepresentations of the evidence during the examination of the victim and during closing arguments or failing to otherwise remedy the alleged misrepresentations.† On appeal Arient also argues that trial counsel failed to request a limiting instruction regarding evidence that Arient was in a rehabilitation facility or incarcerated for significant periods of time.† The trial court denied his claims without conducting a Machner hearing.†
∂5††††††† In order to find that trial counsel was ineffective, the defendant must
show that counselís representation was deficient and prejudicial.† State v. Thiel, 2003 WI 111, ∂18, 264
Wis. 2d 571, 665 N.W.2d 305.†
Whether counselís actions constitute ineffective assistance is a mixed
question of law and fact.†
∂6††††††† A postconviction motion alleging ineffective assistance of
trial counsel does not automatically trigger a right to a Machner hearing.† State v. Phillips, 2009 WI App 179,
∂17, 322 Wis. 2d 576, 778 N.W.2d 157.†
A hearing is not required if the defendant does not allege sufficient
facts or if the record conclusively demonstrates that the defendant is not
entitled to relief on the facts alleged.†
Id.† We review the trial
courtís decision not to hold an evidentiary hearing on a postconviction motion
using a mixed standard of review.†
∂7††††††† The first claim of ineffective assistance of counsel challenges trial counselís performance in response to the prosecutionís motion in limine to exclude evidence that Arient, when interviewed by a detective in the State of Washington on August 3, 2007, offered to take a polygraph examination.† An offer to take a polygraph examination may be relevant and admissible to bolster the offerorís credibility as long as the person making the offer believes that the examination is possible, accurate, and admissible.† State v. Santana-Lopez, 2000 WI App 122, ∂4, 237 Wis. 2d 332, 613 N.W.2d 918.† Arient contends that his trial counsel failed to adequately meet the prosecutionís hearsay objection because counsel did not cite Santana-Lopez, ∂6 n.4, to support application of the state-of-mind hearsay exception to an offer to take a polygraph examination.† Arient also claims trial counsel could have argued that his offer to take a polygraph examination was admissible under the excited utterance hearsay exception because he spontaneously made the offer while under the stress of being accused of sexually assaulting his stepdaughter.† It is not necessary to address whether or not counsel advanced a proper hearsay exception for admission of the offer to take a polygraph examination.† The trial courtís pretrial ruling recognized that there is a limited exception for a partyís willingness to take a polygraph.† The trial courtís ultimate ruling was based on the factual determination that Arient did not believe the test was admissible in court, not that the evidence was inadmissible hearsay.† The record conclusively shows that Arient was not prejudiced by trial counselís failure, if any, to advance a proper hearsay exception.†
∂8††††††† In ruling on the prosecutionís motion in limine the trial court found that Arient did not offer to take the polygraph based on its admissibility in court; the court found Arient hoped that the polygraph would convince Wisconsin authorities that the case was not worth pursuing.† Arient claims the courtís findings are based on an inaccurate summary of Arientís interview.† He contends that trial counsel was ineffective because counselís summary was inaccurate, he failed to have Arient testify at the hearing about his offer to take a polygraph, he failed to play the recorded interview at the pretrial hearing, or at a minimum he failed to provide the court with a transcript of the recording.†
∂9††††††† We need not rely on the disputed portion of the recorded interview to sustain the trial courtís finding.† Arientís first assertion of an offer to take a polygraph was accompanied by the requirement that the victim take one as well.† Arient told that detective that if the victim was proven to be telling the truth, he would plead guilty as soon as the matter went to court.† Thus, the trial court accurately determined that Arientís offer to take a polygraph was not based on a belief that the result would be used in court.† Indeed Arientís own proposed bargain would have precluded admissibility in court.† Arientís second mention of a polygraph during the interview was ďLetís do a polygraph,Ē and came in reply to the detectiveís proposal of dual polygraphs.† Arient remained focused on the use of competing polygraphs as a tool for law enforcement and a means for determining whether charges should be filed.† The trial court also found that Arient knew the polygraph was not admissible in court and he continued to offer to take it any way.† That finding is also not clearly erroneous.† Arient made further repeated offers to take a polygraph but those came after the detective advised Arient that the results could not be used in court.† The trial court properly excluded the evidence by determining that Arientís offer to take a polygraph did not meet the requirement that it was made in belief that the result was admissible.† The record conclusively shows that Arient was not prejudiced by alleged deficiencies in trial counselís response to the motion in limine regarding evidence of an offer to take a polygraph.†
∂10††††† Next we examine the claim that trial counsel failed to challenge prejudicial charging delay.† The delay between the victimís reporting of the assaults (July 15, 2007) and the filing of the criminal complaint (January 13, 2009) was approximately sixteen months.† A defendant has a due process right to be free from excessive precharging delay which substantially prejudices his or her right to a fair trial.† State v. Blanck, 2001 WI App 288, ∂21, 249 Wis. 2d 364, 638 N.W.2d 910.† ďTo establish a due process violation, a defendant must prove that actual prejudice has been suffered as a result of the delay, and must show that the government caused the delay for an improper purpose.Ē† Id., ∂22.†
∂11††††† Arient touts the destruction of sign in/out logs at the Exodus House as the actual prejudice he suffered.† Stordock, Arientís Exodus House counselor, testified on the basis of his case notes.† There was not a complete loss of information about Arientís comings and goings from the house.† Also the victim could not be specific about the dates of the assaults.† The loss of the logs was not shown to be actually prejudicial.† Moreover, Arient offered nothing but speculation that the prosecution deliberately delayed charging in order to gain a tactical advantage.† Although the Wisconsin detective acknowledged that he listened to Arientís Washington interview in which Arient raised that he was in and out jail and a halfway house in early 2001, Arient makes no showing that the detective or prosecutor were aware that records nearly subject to destruction were available.† Indeed the police report on which referral for prosecution was based does not reflect that law enforcement tried to discover records regarding Arientís whereabouts on dates certain in early 2001.† Arient indicates that the prosecutor did not do any further investigation before filing the criminal complaint.† There is nothing to suggest the prosecution was waiting out the destruction of the records.† It is also just speculation that the prosecution delayed to avoid the possibility that a conviction would result in a concurrent sentence to the prison sentence Arient was serving in Washington.† A motion to dismiss based on charging delay would have been unsuccessful.† ďTrial counselís failure to bring a meritless motion does not constitute deficient performance.Ē† State v. Wheat, 2002 WI App 153, ∂23, 256 Wis. 2d 270, 647 N.W.2d 441.†
∂12††††† During the victimís direct testimony a computer monitor blocked defense counselís and Arientís view of the victim.† When trial counsel commenced cross-examination he noted that he could not see the victim because of the computer monitor.† The trial court stopped the proceeding and excused the jury.† Arient confirmed that he not been able to see anything but the top of the victimís head during her direct examination.† When the court pointed out that he had a constitutional right to confront his accuser and to actually see her testify, Arient replied, ďI think sheís hiding.† Donít matter to me.Ē† The trial court took a recess to give Arient and trial counsel an opportunity to consider whether Arient wanted to continue the trial.† The court made clear it would grant a mistrial and rehear the matter where the victim could be seen.† Trial counsel subsequently informed the court that the defense was ready to proceed.† The trial court addressed Arient directly explaining that the fact that he would be able to see the victim during cross-examination was likely adequate and that by electing to proceed he was waiving any objection over the fact that he could not see her during direct examination.† Arient confirmed his understanding and declined any further opportunity to consult with trial counsel.
∂13††††† A defendant is constitutionally guaranteed a face-to-face meeting with witnesses against him.† See Coy v. Iowa, 487 U.S. 1012, 1016 (1988). †Postconviction Arient claimed that trial counsel gave him ďan unreasonably truncated explanation of the situationĒ pertaining to the violation of his right of confrontation which precluded him from considering the seriousness of the problem.† He further indicated that he believed a mistrial would result in a need to start the case over from the very beginning causing a delay of more than six months and that he had no desire to remain in jail awaiting trial for another six or seven months.† He argued that trial counsel was ineffective for not advising him of the nature of the right of confrontation and in failing to explain that a mistrial would only result in delay of less than four months to the alternative trial date set in early November.†
∂14††††† We consider how Arient was prejudiced.† Vigorous cross-examination was had and Arientís right to confrontation was fully satisfied.† See Virgil v. State, 84 Wis. 2d 166, 186, 267 N.W.2d 852 (1978).† Arient suggests a new trial would have come after he had gained insight regarding the victimís demeanor.† Arient did not observe the victimís demeanor during her direct examination and would not have seen any further testimony if the mistrial had been requested.† He was already of the opinion that the victim was lying and hiding during her testimony.† Additionally, Arient said the inability to see his victim did not matter to him.† He declined the opportunity to further discuss the matter with trial counsel even after the trial court emphasized that ďyou need to see someone testify when theyíre testifying against you.Ē† Finally, the alleged prejudice that he thought he faced six to seven months in jail rather than just four is not related to the trial result but only to his place of residence.† Arient did not assert that he told trial counsel he dreaded waiting six or seven months in jail for a new trial.† Trial counsel was not required to dispel Arient of a notion counsel was not aware of.† See Geoffrey C. Hazard, Jr. & W. William Hodes, The Law of Lawyering ß2.4 (3d ed. Supp. 2003) (a client has a duty to ďarm the lawyer with sufficient truthful information to enable the lawyer to carry out his side of the bargain effectively.Ē)† As the trial court noted, trial counsel was not obligated to persuade Arient to seek a mistrial when the inability to see the victim did not change anything.† Arient was not prejudiced by counselís handling of the opportunity to seek a mistrial.†
∂15††††† Arient alleged in his postconviction motion that he was inclined to take the stand in his own defense but decided not to when counsel discouraged him from doing so because of his extensive criminal history.† Arient argues his trial counsel was ineffective because counsel only advised him of the disadvantages of testifying and not of any potential benefits.†
∂16††††† Because a criminal defendant has a fundamental right to testify, the trial court must ensure waiver of this right is knowing, intelligent, and voluntary.† State v. Weed, 2003 WI 85, ∂∂40-41, 263 Wis. 2d 434, 666 N.W.2d 485.† Arient does not challenge the adequacy of the trial courtís colloquy with him regarding his decision not to testify.† The trial courtís colloquy gave Arient an opportunity to ask the trial court questions about the advantages or disadvantages of testifying or not testifying and obtained Arientís confirmation that he had enough time to discuss the decision not to testify with his attorney.† Arient does not challenge the trial courtís determination that his waiver of the right to testify was knowing and intelligent.† Thus, there is a finding of fact that Arient had all the information he needed to make his choice.
∂17††††† Arientís attack on the breadth of counselís discussion of the issue with him is nothing more than an attack on counselís opinion that it was in Arientís best interest not to have to admit his prior convictions.† Counselís advice to not testify to avoid admission of the number of prior convictions was consistent with the defense trial strategy of putting the State to its burden of proof after the passage of so much time.† This strategy and opinion was professionally reasonable and does not render trial counsel ineffective.† See State v. Arredondo, 2004 WI App 7, ∂27, 269 Wis. 2d 369, 674 N.W.2d 647. †The record conclusively shows that Arient is not entitled to relief on a claim that trial counsel failed to adequately consult about the decision not to testify.
∂18††††† Arient points to times during the trial where he believes the prosecutor mischaracterized the evidence and defense counsel failed to object; he claims trial counsel was deficient in failing to object.† The first instance he cites occurred during the prosecutorís redirect examination of the victim as the prosecutor attempted to rehabilitate the witness after cross-examination pointed out a discrepancy between her trial testimony and preliminary hearing testimony on whether Arient said anything to the victim during the first assault.† The victim testified at trial that during the first assault Arient told her not to fight or not to do anything or he would kill her.† During cross-examination, defense counsel read the questions and the victimís answers on page fifteen of the preliminary hearing transcript and obtained the victimís confirmation that she had testified at the preliminary hearing that during the first assault Arient said nothing.† On redirect examination the prosecutor referenced the cross-examination questions in which defense counsel read from the preliminary hearing and related the preliminary hearing testimony to the second assault.† (At both the preliminary hearing and trial the victim indicated that Arient said nothing to her during the second assault.)† The preliminary hearing questions quoted by the prosecutor were from page eighteen of the preliminary hearing transcript and related to the second assault.† The victim confirmed that her testimony that Arient said nothing to her during the second assault was consistent with her preliminary hearing answers.
∂19††††† We acknowledge that the prosecutor referred to different preliminary hearing questions than the cross-examination referenced and left the impression that no inconsistency existed because the cross-examination referred to preliminary hearing questions related only to the second assault.† We see no prejudice to Arient from counselís failure to object to the misimpression.† During cross-examination the victim disavowed any discrepancy in the two sets of testimony because ďhe said nothing to me during the incidents.Ē† The victim testified that after the first assault Arient told her not to tell anyone or he would kill her.† There was no inquiry at the preliminary hearing about what might have been said after the assault as the victim fled.† The lost point of impeachment was minor.† Moreover, whether or not Arient said anything during the assaults had no bearing on the elements of the offense.†
∂20††††† Arient also cites the prosecutorís references in closing argument to the victimís testimony regarding timing of the assaults and to Stordockís testimony about times that Arient was allowed to babysit as misrepresentations to which trial counsel failed to object.† The trial court found that the prosecutor had not mischaracterized the evidence and recognized that during closing arguments ďevidentiary paraphrasing is often less than 100% accurate.Ē† It also found that the alleged mischaracterizations were ďminutia at best.Ē †The finding that there were no mischaracterizations is not clearly erroneous because the victim only testified in generalities as to the months in which the assaults occurred.† She testified that the second incident occurred ďa couple months afterĒ the first but she was never certain of the month of the first assault.† Stordockís testimony about babysitting was also subject to differing interpretations in that he first said Arient had asked to babysit the children twice and then after repeating the date of the first babysitting occurrence indicated that he could not recall any other times.† That which Arient characterizes as a mischaracterization of the evidence was the prosecutorís view on how the evidence could be construed.† The closing was proper comment on evidence arguing to a conclusion and did not overstep by asking the jury to consider anything other than the evidence.† See State v. Cockrell, 2007 WI App 217, ∂41, 306 Wis. 2d 52, 741 N.W.2d 267.† The record conclusively shows that Arient was not prejudiced by trial counselís failure to object to alleged mischaracterizations of the evidence.†
∂21††††† A stipulation of the dates that Arient was a resident at Exodus House, incarcerated in jail, and incarcerated in prison between 2001 and 2003 was read at trial and sent back to the jury with the instructions.† Arient argues that trial counsel was ineffective for not requesting a limiting instruction based on Wis JIóCriminal 275, restricting the use of the stipulated facts to its proper scope.† See Wis. Stat. ß 901.06 (2009-10).† Arient acknowledges that he did not raise this final claim of ineffective assistance of counsel in his postconviction motion.† Issues not preserved in the trial court, even issues of constitutional magnitude, will generally not be considered on appeal.† State v. Huebner, 2000 WI 59, ∂10, 235 Wis. 2d 486, 611 N.W.2d 727.† Aside from waiver of the issue, we note that the jury was instructed, ďYou are to decide the case solely on the evidence offered and received at trialĒ and to not be ďswayed by sympathy, prejudice or passion.Ē† We presume that the jury follows the instruction given by the trial court.† State v. Smith, 170 Wis. 2d 701, 718, 490 N.W.2d 40 (Ct. App. 1992).† Considering these instructions and the evidence presented at trial, our confidence in the outcome is not undermined by trial counselís failure to request a specific limiting instruction.†
∂22††††† Arient makes a concluding argument that the cumulative effect of counselís deficiencies were prejudicial.† We have rejected Arientís claims of trial counselís deficiencies.† Overall our confidence in the outcome is not undermined.† ď[A] defendant is entitled to a fair trial, not a perfect trial, and an adequate lawyer, not the best lawyer.Ē† State v. Hanson, 2000 WI App 10, ∂20, 232 Wis. 2d 291, 606 N.W.2d 278 (citation omitted).† The record conclusively shows that Arient is not entitled to relief on his claims.† The trial court was not required to conduct a Machner hearing.†
∂23††††† Arientís postconviction motion alleged that ďmultiple jurors were sleeping or dozing off during significant portions of [the victimís] testimony on direct examination.Ē† He supported his allegation with an affidavit from an investigator who interviewed Arientís mother and brother, each of whom observed the trial from the public section of the courtroom.† Arientís mother and brother told the investigator they observed jurors sleeping for significant periods of time during the victimís testimony.†
∂24††††† Implied in the constitutional right to an impartial jury ďis the presence of jurors who have heard all of the material testimony. †The absence of this condition, whether it is due to a hearing deficiency or a state of semi-consciousness, could imperil the guarantees of impartiality and due process.Ē† State v. Hampton, 201 Wis. 2d 662, 668, 549 N.W.2d 756 (Ct. App. 1996).† Here the trial court determined postconviction that no juror was asleep during the trial.† Arient argues that the trial court cannot reject the observations of his mother and brother and make a credibility finding without conducting an evidentiary hearing.† The trial court did not reject the truth of what Arientís mother and brother believed they had observed during the trial.† Rather it concluded that even upon hearing testimony that persons in the public viewing section of the courtroom believed jurors were sleeping, the court would find that no juror was sleeping based on its own observations from a better vantage point.† The courtís finding is also based on the failure of the prosecutor and defense to report jurors sleeping during the trial and their better vantage point to observe the jury. †It also noted that the victimís testimony would be of substantial interest to the jury and not likely to induce sleep.† We conclude the trial courtís finding of fact that no jurors slept during the victimís testimony is not clearly erroneous.† Arient was not entitled to a hearing on his claim that jurors were sleeping during the trial.
∂25††††† Arient makes an additional catch-all argument:† that based on the cumulative effect of errors
which required an evidentiary hearing, the trial court erred in denying his
motion for a new trial in the interests of justice without conducting a
hearing.† A final catch-all plea for
discretionary reversal based on the cumulative effect of non-errors cannot
succeed.† See State v. Marhal, 172
Wis. 2d 491, 507, 493 N.W.2d 758 (Ct. App. 1992).† ď[Z]ero plus zero equals zero.Ē†
∂26††††† As the final issue in this appeal, Arient asks this court to review the victimís military medical records which the trial court inspected in camera.† A trial courtís in camera inspection determines whether confidential records contain information that is material to the defense of the accused.† State v. Richard A.P., 223 Wis. 2d 777, 785, 589 N.W.2d 674 (Ct. App. 1998).† The trial court produced a written report regarding its inspection of the confidential records.† It concluded that the medical records reflected routine and uneventful medical information and contain nothing remotely relevant to this case.†
∂27††††† We question why this court should simply conduct a second review when the trial courtís report reflects a thorough and thoughtful review.† This court has stated that in order to determine whether the trial court erred in not providing the defense with confidential records this court needs to independently review them.† Id.; State v. Darcy N.K., 218 Wis. 2d 640, 655, 581 N.W.2d 567 (Ct. App. 1998); State v. Solberg, 203 Wis. 2d 459, 462, 553 N.W.2d 842 (Ct. App. 1996), revíd. 211 Wis. 2d 372, 564 N.W.2d 775 (1997).† In those cases the trial courtís limited disclosure or failure to disclose any of the confidential records was under attack on appeal.† Here Arient does not provide any minimal basis for attacking the trial courtís report on the in camera inspection.† We acknowledge Arientís explanation in his reply brief that because he is not allowed to view the records, he cannot in any way advance an argument that the trial court erred in its assessment of the records.† Arientís lack of access does not preclude him from identifying the type of information that might be found in the records and materiality to his defense.† That some reason for conducting a second review of the records should be advanced is appropriate here because the need to review the military records was advanced by the trial court without any preliminary showing of materiality by the defense.† Arient has not suggested that the trial courtís inspection lacked the focus that coincided with the defenseís purpose and he could not because the trial court demonstrated its understanding of what would be helpful to the defense.† Further, Arient has not developed an argument for a blanket requirement that this court must conduct a second inspection of records and we do not read Richard A.P., 223 Wis. 2d at 785, to impose such a requirement.†
If this court deemed itself obliged to review in camera inspections merely because the trial court found nothing exculpatory or held to be immaterial what the appellant cannot make a substantial claim is material, then in every criminal case we would be forced to perform de novo in camera inspections. †Ö† It is conceivable that mountains of reports and data would have to be studied, perchance to find some scrap of evidence which the trial court has already said does not exist and which we would have no reason to believe does exist; or material examined in camera would have to be analyzed anew to find some material exculpation which the trial court has said is not there and for which the appellant cannot marshall an argument otherwise.
†††† We will not assume such a burden. †This court is not a trial court and not a fact finder. †The Court of Appeals is a court for the correction of errors below; it is not a court of original jurisdiction.† If the possibility that materially exculpatory evidence was suppressed is so strong, the defendant ought at least be able to name it and describe how it is material. †Otherwise he has no right, under Brady [v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83 (1963),] or otherwise, to ask this court to fish amongst the files and substitute its judgment for that of the trial court.
Barnes v. State, 277 S.E.2d 916, 921 (Ga. Ct. App. 1981) (citations omitted).† We will not review the records subjected to the in camera inspection.
††††††††††† By the Court.óJudgment and order affirmed.†
††††††††††† This opinion will not be published.† See Wis. Stat. Rule 809.23(1)(b)5.
 A Machner hearing addresses a
defendantís ineffective assistance of counsel claim.†
 The prosecution made a hearsay objection to having the Washington detective testify at all.† Having resolved the question of whether the detective would be allowed to repeat Arientís statements in denying the accusations, the trial court turned specifically to the offer to take a polygraph.† Trial counsel argued that the offer to take a polygraph was relevant to Arientís state of mind as he was confronted with the allegations.†
 Specifically Arient focuses on a later part of the conversation after his second assertion of his willingness to take a polygraph.† Trial counsel represented that in response to the detectiveís assertion that ďa polygraph can only help you because law enforcement can never use that against you,Ē Arient stated, ďPolygraph can help me.† Canít help me in court.Ē† Based on a transcript Arient provided with his postconviction motion, Arient contends that he really stated, ďPolygraph can help meócan help me in court.Ē† Even on appeal the parties disagree about whether at that point in the recording Arient said a polygraph ďcanĒ or ďcanítĒ help him in court.†
 Richard Stordock of the Exodus House testified that he would have to check with his secretary to see if any logs existed because the house was required to keep them for only seven years.† Arient extrapolates that the seven year destruction time would have been in 2008, after the case was turned over to the prosecutor but before the criminal complaint was filed.†
 All references to the Wisconsin Statutes are to the 2009-10 version unless otherwise noted.
 Arient did not make the preliminary showing of materiality to obtain an in camera inspection of the records.† The trial court was immediately on board with the defenseís request for the victimís military records because of its belief that the military application questions and general evaluation conducted of applicants might touch upon prior sexual abuse.† The trial court determined that the military record should be inspected to honor the holding in Pennsylvania v. Ritchie, 480 U.S. 39 (1987).† After the prosecution made an offer of proof that the military application and evaluation did not include any questions about prior sexual abuse, the trial court was skeptical that the military records would provide any helpful information to the defense.† It continued, however, to recognize Arientís right to have the military records inspected and even delayed the trial to have the prosecution obtain and produce the records.